The common wasp – scientific name Vespula vulgaris can sometimes be known as the European wasp. It is very similar to the German Wasp except for some differing facial markings.
The Common Wasps nest is made from chewed wood mixed with worker wasp saliva to make a grey papery structure that grows depending on the size of the colony. These nests can be built outdoors or indoors and are typically found in lofts and on building eaves or hanging from trees.
These wasps will aggressively defend their nest and this is where their danger comes from. They are able to sting multiple times and can ‘call on’ other wasps to swarm using a pheromone. Even those who are not allergic to a wasp sting can be adversely affected by the many stings of an angry swarm of wasps!
These wasps also exercise self-defence when away from the nest and will sting if they feel provoked by sudden movement.
A colony will last for around six to eleven months and each colony can contain around three to eight thousand larvae – potential wasps.
The common wasp is widespread due to its ability to adapt and survive in most habitats and most temperate climates. It is particularly a problem in warmer climes where they pose danger to human life when protecting their queen or nest and cause a great nuisance to fruit farmers and to tourism.