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Common Moth Species

Moths may look harmless, but when they are present inside your home, they can cause a lot of damage to clothing, textiles and other household items. Moths can also reproduce rapidly, so what may start as a minor issue can quickly accelerate into a big and costly problem to fix. We reveal the four main moth species that can wreak havoc in your home. 

Brown House Moth (Hofmannophila pseudospretella) 

One of the most common moth species in the United Kingdom is the Brown House Moth (Hofmannophila pseudospretella). Adult moths are typically 8mm - 14mm in length, while the larva can be up to 20mm in size. They can be identified by their brown colour and three to four darker brown spots on their body. The larvae will feed on various animal textiles such as wool, leather, and feathers, and they often have a life of one year. 

Common Clothes Moth (Tineola bisselliella)

Another type of common moth which is responsible for making holes in clothes and textiles is the Common Clothes Moth (Tineola bisselliella). Adults are 6mm - 8mm long, and the larvae can grow up to 10mm long. This species is identified by their straw-coloured almond-shaped wings, which are fringed towards the trailing end. The Common Clothes Moth (Tineola bisselliella) have no markings on the body. It takes approximately six weeks for months to go from egg to adult, although this time may be considerably longer if it is cold or there is little food around. 

Case-Bearing Clothes Moth (Tinea pellionella)

A more rare form of the moth is the Case-Bearing Clothes Moth (Tinea pellionella). This type of moth will make irregularly shaped holes in clothing and textiles. Adults are between 6mm and 8mm in length, and the larvae are up to 10mm long and are creamy-white. They can be identified by their dark fore-wings that have two or three faint spots on them. 

White-Shouldered House Moth (Endrosis sarcitrella)

Less damaging than the standard house moth is the White-Shouldered House Moth (Endrosis sarcitrella). They are identifiable by their white heads and mottled wings. Adult moths are 6mm to 10mm in length, and the larvae are up to 12mm long and are cream coloured with a red-brown head. The pupa is in a silk cocoon. They are often found in outdoor buildings where the temperature is cool. Typically these moths have a lifecycle of one year. 

These are the four main types of moth species to look out for in the United Kingdom. You can do several things to reduce the chances of an infestation, like use fly screens, ensure clothes are cleaned, and store textiles in bags. If you suspect that you have a moth infestation, then you must call a specialist in as soon as possible. They will have the tools and experience to identify the moth species and deal with the problem most quickly and efficiently.