Ah, the humble midge.   How can something so small cause so much discomfort!

midgeMidges are part of a family of small flies and their name ‘Midge’ covers several different species such as the black fly and the sand fly.

They play a useful role in the eco-system as food for insectivores such as frogs.

Since the term covers different species it is difficult to list their many habits and features, however, they all have many things in common.

Their worst trait, of course, is their biting habits, of both humans and animals. Biting midges are disease spreading as they pass bodily fluids between those that they are biting.

They can be particularly prevalent in damp conditions or around bodies of water – especially in Scotland.